Plumbing Repair Denver CO

If you currently have a system that is more than 12 years old and is repair-prone, or your system hasn’t been adequately maintained, you could be in the market for a new system soon. Our AC installation and replacement experts will put your mind at ease. The first step is to complete a load calculation to confirm the correct size of the system that will keep your home comfortable. Then, we will recommend a couple of systems along with a cost estimate of the new heat pump or air conditioning installation. We have heat pump and air conditioning systems that range from SEER 14 to SEER 21. Our installation technicians receive continuing education and factory training to stay up to date on HVAC technology and installation techniques. They will install your new system to the manufacturer’s specifications to ensure you receive the energy-saving benefits of the new system.
Thank you, thank you, thank you for sharing your knowledge. I just replaced our shower cartridge and our leak is FIXED!!!!!!! Your instructional was clear and concise. I did purchase 2 cartridges first, because I did not know the type it was and could not pull it out without the plastic cover it comes with. Fortunately, it was one of the two. By the way I'm a 63 year old woman. If I can do it, anyone with internet and a little patience and an hour can do it.....
Plumbing fixtures are exchangeable devices using water that can be connected to a building's plumbing system. They are considered to be "fixtures", in that they are semi-permanent parts of buildings, not usually owned or maintained separately. Plumbing fixtures are seen by and designed for the end-users. Some examples of fixtures include water closets[32] (also known as toilets), urinals, bidets, showers, bathtubs, utility and kitchen sinks, drinking fountains, ice makers, humidifiers, air washers, fountains, and eye wash stations.

Jump up ^ "II. The Plumbers". The Atlantic. Retrieved 17 September 2013. In the early evening of June 17, 1971, Henry Kissinger held forth in the Oval Office, telling his President, and John Ehrlichman and Bob Haldeman, all about Daniel Ellsberg. Kissinger's comments were recorded, of course, on the hidden White House taping system, and four years later, a portion of that tape was listened to by the Watergate Special Prosecution Force, which was then investigating the internal White House police unit known as the Plumbers.
The Handy customer service team is online 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. If you have any concerns either before, during, or after your job, someone will be in contact with you to help make things right. No matter how big or small your job is, we’re confident that you’ll be satisfied by the plumbing professionals on the Handy platform. When you book plumbing services through Handy, you’re in charge of when the work gets done. And should your situation change, you can always cancel or reschedule your appointment with at least to 24 hours’ notice.
Present-day water-supply systems use a network of high-pressure pumps, and pipes in buildings are now made of copper,[25] brass, plastic (particularly cross-linked polyethylene called PEX, which is estimated to be used in 60% of single-family homes[26]), or other nontoxic material. Due to its toxicity, most cities moved away from lead water-supply piping by the 1920s in the United States,[27] although lead pipes were approved by national plumbing codes into the 1980s,[28] and lead was used in plumbing solder for drinking water until it was banned in 1986.[27] Drain and vent lines are made of plastic, steel, cast-iron, or lead.[29][30]
Water with high mineral content is called "hard water". Two of the minerals we encounter most in beautiful San Diego are calcium and magnesium. These molecules find each other and bind themselves together to create the powdery deposits we see on our fixtures and shower doors. Hardness affects everything it comes in contact with. It wreaks havoc on dishwashers and can drastically shorten the life of your tankless or traditional tank type water heater. Deposits attach to vital components of your plumbing system and adhere to the interior of your pipes, progressively getting worse and worse until it gets so bad it must be addressed. The best solution is an anti-scale device. We always encourage homeowners to do their research, but we recommend a device that sends a very light a.m. frequency (much like an a.m. radio) through the water column and disturbs molecules enough to keep them from binding together and ganging up on your plumbing system. The initial investment may be off-putting, but in the medium, to long run, it can save you tens of thousands of dollars in repairs and replacements, including plumbing fixtures like faucets, washing machines, dishwashers failure, failing pipes and flooding! So, do some research and find out what will best serve you. Our plumbing system experts are always happy to consult with you and help you get on the right path.

Pipe is available in rigid "joints", which come in various lengths depending on the material. Tubing, in particular copper, comes in rigid hard tempered "joints" or soft tempered (annealed) rolls. PeX and CPVC tubing also comes in rigid "joints" or flexible rolls. The temper of the copper, that is whether it is a rigid "joint" or flexible roll, does not affect the sizing.[19]
"lead hung on a string to show the vertical line," early 14c., from Old French *plombe, plomee "sounding lead," and directly from Late Latin *plumba, originally plural of Latin plumbum "lead (the metal), lead ball; pipe; pencil," a word of unknown origin, related to Greek molybdos "lead" (dialectal bolimos) and perhaps from an extinct Mediterranean language, perhaps Iberian.

Natural and propane gas are popular inexpensive fuels for water heating needs. However, gas is dangerous and can explode. Gas water heaters have built in safety features that keep this from happening. The problem is that they 'Err' on the side of caution. See the articles on 'Pilot Lights' and 'Gas Water Heater Thermocouples' for some of the common failures. 
I found out about Pete's Plumbing Repair through Yelp. Thanks for the reviews and recommendations here. Pete did a great job of unclogging our kitchen sink. He made sure that the water was draining properly and that sink area was clean. I highly recommended him to my neighbors, family and friends. I would definitely use Pete's Plumbing again. Thank you Pete!

If you have a leaking faucet in your home, it could be costing you hundreds of dollars a year on your water bills. A faulty tap can also lead to the growth of unhealthy mold and mildew. One of our expert technicians can quickly and efficiently take care of repairing or replacing that leaking faucet. We can also take care of installing or repairing any of the other plumbing fixtures in your home, including sinks toilets and showers.
Excellent service by Edwin G., field tech was professional and efficient. Problem was assessed and I was advised what was needed to fix the problem. Price was quoted. It was nice the fact that he entered my home wearing plastic booties over his shoes. I am very satisfied with my experience today with John Moore. In the event I have plumbing issues in the future I will definitely call John Moore. Thanks Edwin G. for a job well done!
Big or small, BEST Plumbing Service of Cincinnati handles it all! We strive to handle every project with the highest level of excellence. Our Cincinnati plumbing company has eliminated thousands of plumbing headaches from the residential and commercial property owners we serve. When you’re in need of a plumbing repair, replacement, a new installation or routine maintenance, we’re the plumbers to call. We stand behind the excellent work we do for our customers. Watch this video to learn more about our services.
I used Go Green Express Home Services for a minor plastic pipe repair under my kitchen sink...The worker did a great job fixing this minor pipe plastic pipe repair( my original pipe was too short and he needed to extended the pipe and then reconnect). It took him less than 10 minutes to fix. I was first quoted $125 +tax but when the worker went to his truck and spoke to whoever he spoke to at the office, the price rose to $155.10 +tax for a total of $167.10...I thought that was a little too high. Will I use this company again, I Don't Know. It would be helpful if they would have a set price list for jobs (minor repairs, Major repairs etc...), then you as the consumer can see beforehand what the cost maybe and work from there with the company. Minor repairs, Major repairs this company should at least have a set-price list. ..The worker was great and efficient and did a good job on the repair but their prices are a bit costly. And yes, I did write this in their review.
When you need plumbing service and repair you can trust, count on Weilhammer Plumbing Company to put your mind at ease by providing affordable plumbing diagnostics and solutions that work for you. Our licensed master plumbers provide a wide range of professional plumbing repairs, services, appliances, and products for residential and commercial properties throughout Indianapolis, all at the most competitive prices around. From Avon and Beech Grove, to Noblesville, Fishers, Carmel, and more, Weilhammer Plumbing Company maintains a broad Service Area in order to keep up with demand and provide punctual plumbing services all throughout the Central Indiana.
You need the right tools when repairing your plumbing systems or installing new devices. Menards® has a large variety of plumbing tools, including pipe threading; plumbing hand tools; plumbing tool kits; and torches and soldering tools. Keep your drains clean and free of clogs with our drain cleaning equipment and supplies, including hand, chemical, and powered solutions.

Welcome to Jerry’s Plumbing Repair Official Website. If you are looking for a quality service plumber you have come to the right place. With experienced, background-checked service plumbing technicians, you know you are getting the best quality plumbing service available. We are fast and reliable, and can provide same-day service in most cases. If you have a plumbing problem, or even just have a question for the plumbing service professionals, you have come to the right place.
Then again, if you don’t have the time, tools, or inclination to do your own plumbing repairs, you can hire a pro. A plumber can handle nearly any problem that involves pipes, from replacing a garbage disposal to unclogging a bathtub drain, but, if your problem is a stopped-up drain, you’re usually better off calling a drain-clearing service because these are generally less expensive.
We have an older home with old pipes that were not draining. When I called 3 Mountain plumbing I was immediately offered their special they offering. Derrick came to our door with a smile, a great attitude and explained everything as he did it. He was helpful and did a fantastic job of getting our pipes cleared. His friendly attitude made the whole experience great. Thank you
I had a very unique (per the technician) situation in that my kitchen plumbing/garbage disposal backed up into the drain/overflow of my bathtub. This was only two weeks after moving into my first house on my own. I received the company's number from another plumbing company (Direct Plumbing) as when I called that company, they told me I would need a snake and Plumbers Service was who they would recommend. The person that arranged the technician and the person who called to let me know the technician was on the way were both very helpful and friendly. The technician Steve was awesome and very knowledgeable. Their pricing was more than fair and a lot less than I thought it would be. I would absolutely use them again!!

There’s often an Allen wrench that comes with the garbage disposal. I keep it under the sink. When the thing jams, follow the directions in the manual, and I won’t need to come out. Another plumbing tip, don’t believe the myth about putting lemon peels in the disposal to make it smell better. That will just make it jam faster.  These are the things you should never pour down the drain.
While you might be tempted to get out your wrench and try and fix those plumbing fixtures, plumbing can be a lot more complicated than you might think. In the wrong hands, even the simplest-seeming of plumbing jobs can quickly become something disastrous or costly. The chances are that, whatever your problem is, your plumber has seen it before and will be able to rectify the situation, quickly and efficiently. Why run the risk of turning a simple job into a plumbing catastrophe, when you can book plumbing services through Handy to nip it in the bud?
Did you know that your tap water might contain traces of such harmful chemicals as lead, arsenic, cadmium, and pesticides? High levels of these and other toxins commonly found in drinking water are known to cause disease and damage organs. Having either a reverse osmosis or carbon-based water filtration system professionally installed by Baker Brothers Plumbing, Air Conditioning & Electrical is a great way to safeguard the health of your family by virtually eliminating the toxins in your tap water. Soon, you will find the water coming from your tap is pure and tastes clean, meaning you can use it for drinking, cooking, bathing, and laundry without issue.
The Home Depot has a wide selection of high-quality plumbing parts including sump pumps, water heaters, HVAC systems, pipes and much more. The Home Depot even has eco-friendly plumbing options to help you save money and live green. If you need professional advice or installation assistance with any of your plumbing projects, turn to The Home Depot to help you finish your plumbing project. 
You may think a tiny little drip should be an easy fix, but it can actually turn into a pretty complicated job. A faucet leak can be caused by a number of things. Before you can fix the leak in your faucet, it is important to know what is causing the leak. Faucets have moving parts that can wear down over time and may need to be tightened, repaired, or replaced. When you call us, one of our licensed plumbers will complete the following tasks:
When you run into any of these plumbing issues, it’s time for repairs. Who better to call than your local Mr. Rooter Plumbing? We are professional, caring, efficient, and courteous. You can depend on us day or night and always know we get the job done right! Our certified plumbers work around your needs and set up appointments based on your schedule. You can count on us to arrive on time and fix it right the first time. There’s a reason they call us Mr.®!

Jeromie replaced our water heaters a week ago. Apparently some debris got in the line which clogged the kitchen faucet. Jeromie and Joe worked for a long time to completely disassemble the faucet to clear the problem. When that did not correct the problem it took a call to the manufacturer to find a hidden backflow valve that was dirty and causing the problem . I want to acknowledge Jeremy’s positive attitude and tenacity to arrive at a successful conclusion. Thank you for a job well done.


Are you still unable to find an answer to your question after visiting our FAQ page? Have no fear, Ray VinZant is here. Ray is our master plumber, he has over 25 years of professional plumbing experience, teaches plumbing at the college level, and holds several plumbing licenses. Simply put, if Ray can't answer your question, we doubt anyone could. Click on the link and fill out the questionnaire form and Ray will get back to you within 24 hours. Learn More
Need a plumber to come to your home? Why not work with a locally-owned company with over 40 years of trusted experience? Anderson Plumbing, Heating & Air has been serving all of San Diego County since 1978. Since then, we’ve been going above and beyond the call of duty to exceed our customers’ needs. Whatever your situation may be, our San Diego plumbers are committed to giving you the high-quality service you deserve.
I had 207 Plumbing come to fix a leak in my ceiling.  It's a terrible, terrible company to do business with.  He came and fixed a broken pipe in the ceiling, and I asked him to check the rest of the pipe to make sure that nothing else was broken, he said everything was OK and charged me $219.00 for 45 minutes and left.  Never cleaned up his mess.  I went to clean up the mess after he left and found there was more damage to the pipe.  I called him to come back, which he did.  He looked at the water coming down from the ceiling, into a light fixture and said he had another job to go to and couldn't come back until next week.  He also wanted to charge me $350.00 to come back.  I told him that was too much and he said he would make an exception and only charge me $219.00.  Now I have major damage done to the ceiling, the light fixture and the floor.  All of this could have been prevented if he had stayed and fixed the problem.  I will NOT hire him again.
Len The Plumber is a full service plumbing and drain cleaning company serving the entire Baltimore, Washington D.C., Northern Virginia, Delaware and the Philadelphia Area as well as Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Carroll, Cecil, Harford, Howard, Montgomery, Prince George’s, Charles, Fairfax, Alexandria, Arlington, Loudoun, Prince William, Falls Church, Manassas, Delaware, Chester, New Castle, and Stafford counties. We are continuing to grow and expand our service areas so please continue to check-in to see if we are in your area and always feel free to call if you have a question. Our service area map shows all the counties and district that we currently serve.

Homes have many combustion appliances, such as stoves, water heaters, fireplaces, furnaces, and boilers. Without proper ventilation, these appliances can create harmful gases such as carbon monoxide. Adequate ventilation is absolutely necessary in any home. For example, exhaust fans can play a pivotal role in clearing out harmful gases in bathrooms, cooking areas, and garages. They can keep the air clear of harmful moisture and fumes, while increasing your comfort by keeping humidity levels low.
Home plumbing repair does require some specialized tools, depending on the scope of work. However, the majority of repairs can be made with a few simple tools that most households already possess. A screwdriver (one that accepts multiple tips) and a pair of adjustable pliers will make most of the repairs you will come across. See the tool suggestions for the basic tools to have handy, for your home plumbing repairs.
Reputable, responsive, reasonably-priced, and reliable are not terms that are often associated with "plumbers". But, in this case, not only are these apt descriptions for this fine company, but after experiencing their excellent service and quality work, I'm more inclined to refer to them as "plumbing professionals". When I first called, they gave me instructions on how to mitigate the problem until they could arrive; they were here quickly (on a Sunday afternoon, I might add); and they solved the problem with a minimum of cost and disruption. I would use them again in a heartbeat and recommend them to anyone I care most about. You can't go wrong with this company. They do it right.
At BelRed Energy Solutions, we want you to get the most out of your heating equipment. We specialize in heating service and repair, including furnace maintenance, multistage heating, nest home heating, and more. Let our expert heating technicians help prevent your heating system from breakdown. Did you know that the heating system in your home averages around…
Over the past 10+ years, we’ve become one of the most trusted Phoenix plumbing companies in the Valley. We’ve built up this trust by adhering to a high level of excellence and working to complete every job the right way on the first visit out. Knowing that a job is done correctly the first time gives our customers a peace of mind, and it is an approach that has helped solidify our customers’ sense of trust in us.
Don’t let a clogged sink or clogged drain spoil your day. Make a quick call to the John Moore Drain Clog specialists and your home will be running smoothly again in no time. Houston residents have been counting on the John Moore Drain Clog specialists for over 50 years. Our Drain Clog Specialists are licensed and insured plumbers with extensive expertise and training to quickly determine the cause and location of a clog or stoppage. We have the equipment and technology to conquer any clog – including a state of the art drain clog jetting package that offers a camera inspection of the drain line. From kitchen and bath drain clogs to a main line blockage - stopped drains and tough clogs have met their match!

Having plumbing work done, whether it's for your home or business, can be incredibly expensive. That's why it's vital for you to ask a plumbing service the right kind of questions before you hire them. You want to do as much due diligence on your part as possible to get a professional who will not only do quality work but also charge you a fair price for it.
“Don’t assume that every Mr. Fix-it advertising his services in the local Pennysaver or on Craigslist is a licensed plumber,” says one New York plumber. There is no national standard for issuing licenses. Some plumbers are licensed by the state, others by the counties they work in. Check with your local city hall or chamber of commerce. They should be able to direct you to the appropriate source for a list of licensed plumbers in your area.
Heaney Plumbing & Heating relies on the most advanced diagnostic tools to assess your pipes. Through camera line inspection, sewer video inspection and other methods, not only can we tell if a plumbing repair or upgrade is warranted, but we can quickly determine where and how to perform it. With our help, your home or business will never be vulnerable to unseen decay.

Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) piping were produced experimentally in the 19th century, hit the US in the 1950’s, and is most commonly used in today's sewer systems. While PVC or ABS pipe can last for decades, the thin-walled pipe can be damaged by inadequate bedding/fill or ground settling and heavy root growth. Once a section of plastic pipe is damaged, the other connections may deteriorate over time or roots will damage another section of the line. This type of piping can last a long time if it is a quality pipe and the installation was done properly. Thinner-walled pipe flexes and is more susceptible to premature problems.
If you turn on your bathroom or kitchen sink in the morning to find brown or rust-colored water coming out of your faucet, don't panic. The discoloration is most likely due to old iron pipes or recent use of a hydrant or water main that disturbed the usual flow of water. Keep your water running for a minute or so and it should run clear after a while.
We provide a wide range of services from leaky faucets to water heater replacements and repairs. We proudly install American made Bradford-White brand water heaters. We service what we sell. That means should anything ever happen just give us a call. We can fix it for you. We also typically handle water heater replacements and repairs the same day. We frequently receive calls from customers who purchased water heaters from companies like Sears and Home Depot and are unable to get service on their water heater for 2 or 3 days.That is absurd! We understand your situation and promise to come out and help as soon as possible.
(...) Weilhammer Plumbing was highly recommended by a coworker, and they had excellent reviews on the internet. (And I liked how they were responsive to the reviews-- even the bad ones. (...) Upon calling Weilhammer Plumbing, I got a good vibe. The person I spoke with was very pleasant (...) and seemed very knowledgeable and competent. I also liked that they were willing to quote me a price over the phone. (...) I am glad we found this company, and will consider them first for all future plumbing needs.

Plumbers may not go out of their way to let you know that a toilet or sink can be moved. But if you’ve been working with them on a renovation, and they tell you something can’t be transferred to a new space, ask them to explain to you in detail why not. Speaking of things people don’t want to tell you, here are 10 things your neighbor isn’t being up-front about.

Heaney Plumbing & Heating relies on the most advanced diagnostic tools to assess your pipes. Through camera line inspection, sewer video inspection and other methods, not only can we tell if a plumbing repair or upgrade is warranted, but we can quickly determine where and how to perform it. With our help, your home or business will never be vulnerable to unseen decay.
Your sump pump is a pump that is installed most commonly at the lowest point in your basement, acting as a collector for any water that finds itself into perforated drain pipes in and around your home. They only turn on when the water inside reaches a pre specified level and then they activate in order to prevent basement flooding. Because they’re a.) not regularly visible and b.) not regularly used, it’s easy to forget to check on your sump pump to make sure it’s performing properly. Like any other piece of machinery with moving parts, sump pumps can wear out over time, especially when they’re not receiving proper maintenance. That’s why the experts at Applewood Plumbing have the dedicated training they do – so they can help you both with maintenance assistance and sump pump repair.
Had a repair done to my hot water heater. Russel Herd was the Service Tech sent to perform the repair. Mr. Herd was very professional, personable, and highly competent. He was on time and made sure I fully understood what he was doing and why before he started the job. He was not only thorough, but he also made sure he cleaned up after he was finished making sure my house was just as it was before he arrived. He did an outstanding job. I would highly recommend John Moore Services to anyone. Thank you Mr. Herd and John Moore Services.

Hi. I hope someone can help me. I have a has water heater amd it seems to only work when it wants to. Regardless of amount of use some days I have got water and some days it runs out of hot water immediately even if it hasn't been used all day. And some days it runs out half way through a shower. I have already turned the temperature almost all the way up and nothing is helping. Is there a way too fix this or is it time for a replacement?


Welcome to All-n-One Plumbing, your trusted plumbers serving Independence, MO and the Kansas City Metro Area. Whether it’s a clogged drain, broken water heater, faulty kitchen plumbing, or anything in between, our team has you covered. We are a full-service plumbing company specializing in drain and sewer services. Our team can unblock the most challenging drain clogs and return your plumbing to normal again in no time – all at a reasonable price!

I had a toilet problem, so I called you folks. Prior to having your serviceman come to our house, I was called twice, keeping me informed of the schedule... I appreciated that, so I would have a good idea of when you would get here. The man that came out was named Chris. He was friendly, competent, and efficient. After giving me an estimate, which I approved, he completed the job quickly, and everything is now working just fine. The work was well done, and the cost was reasonable. I would certainly recommend your company to anyone that needs plumbing work done.
“We had a toilet emergency one morning. After unsuccessful plunging efforts, we called Intelligent Service – and within 20 minutes, they were at our house. They found that the sewer line from our house to the street had snapped. Within 2 hours they had a permit and a backhoe in our front yard, and started work. By 5:00pm, we had water! They were extremely sympathetic to our situation. They were careful not to track snow and mud into the house. They cleaned up the area both inside and outside. Have already recommended the company to the many neighbors.”
When a person has a blockage in their sewage system they often try to fix it themselves by adding an acid or a base such as Drano in an attempt to dissolve or dislodge the problem. These chemicals can get into the plumbers eyes [14]when the sewage is splashed during the repair. The plumbers skin during the repair does come into contact with the sewage water.[15] The owner of the toilet might not report to the plumber they have already tried Drano a highly caustic base .
Before you commit to any plumbing project, make sure you know your limits and understand plumbing basics. This section will show you how to shut off the water in your home, make drawings, and stay-up-to-date on plumbing codes. We'll also help you understand your drain-waste-vent system, learn the principles of venting, and make appropriate considerations for accessibility.
For details about apprenticeship or other opportunities in this occupation, contact the offices of the state employment service; the state apprenticeship agency; local plumbing, heating, and cooling contractors or firms that employ fitters; or local union–management apprenticeship committees. Apprenticeship information is available from the U.S. Department of Labor's Apprenticeship program online, or by phone at 877-872-5627.
As Columbus, Ohio’s largest full-service plumbing, sewer repair and drain cleaning company, The Waterworks offers comprehensive capabilities and the area’s largest fleet of service vehicles.Founded in 1935, The Waterworks is privately owned and focused on providing our residential and commercial customers with truly unique, superior customer service.With over 100 team members, our staff has more than 200 years of combined expertise and has completed more than 750,000 service calls. We are always here to help 24/7.
Georgetown, TX ServicesInnovative Home Solutions. Remodeling Contractor - Georgetown, TXMcGuire Contracting ATX. General Contractor - Georgetown, TXBowman Construction. Landscaping Company - Georgetown, TXCenterra Homes-Round Rock. Home Builder - Georgetown, TXBethel Construction. General Contractor - Georgetown, TXAsap Window Cleaning. Window Cleaner - Georgetown, TXBrieth Electric. Electrician - Georgetown, TXA-1 Apache Appliance & Air ConditioningGeorgetown, TX Lawn Irrigation CompanyGeorgetown, TX Home InspectorGeorgetown, TX Cabinet MakerElectricians Georgetown, TXEverclean Exterior CleaningCreekside Construction LLCWeather Tex WaterproofingSurveyors Georgetown, TXTerry Friedrich ElectricGeorgetown, TX HandymanGeorgetown TV & AudioNalle Custom HomesKeller LandscapingLloyd Wayne Homes
Bacteria have been shown to live in "premises plumbing systems". The latter refers to the "pipes and fixtures within a building that transport water to taps after it is delivered by the utility".[34] Community water systems have been known for centuries to spread waterborne diseases like typhoid and cholera, however "opportunistic premises plumbing pathogens" have been recognized only more recently; Legionella pneumophila discovered in 1976, Mycobacterium avium, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are the most commonly tracked bacteria, which people with depressed immunity can inhale or ingest and may become infected with.[35] These opportunistic pathogens can grow for example in faucets, shower heads, water heaters and along pipe walls. Reasons that favor their growth are "high surface-to-volume ratio, intermittent stagnation, low disinfectant residual, and warming cycles". A high surface-to-volume ratio, i.e. a relatively large surface area allows the bacteria to form a biofilm, which protects them from disinfection.[35]
×